Te Kete Ipurangi Navigation:

Te Kete Ipurangi

Te Kete Ipurangi user options:

You are here:

Students need to be taught relevant procedural concepts to undertake an investigation


Students need an understanding of when a procedure is appropriate and the steps that it involves.

Procedural concepts include:

  • observing
  • hypothesising
  • inferring
  • predicting
  • knowing about the status of evidence
  • generalising
  • measuring
  • sampling.

Teacher reflection

  • Procedural concepts include observing; hypothesising; inferring; predicting; knowing about the status of evidence; generalising; measuring; and sampling. How can students practise these procedures?
  • Can all senses be used in the process of observing? Is it always safe to taste?
  • What activities might teachers use to help their students understand the ‘status of evidence’?
  • Consider what the term ‘generalise’ means. What activities might allow students to generalise?